Be sure young birds will be able to leave the nest. Roughen the inside of the nest box below the entrance hole or attach a sheet of 1ǚ_inch galvanized wire mesh, so fledging young can climb out easily. Provide woodpeckers, waterfowl, and owls with nest material. Many cavity_nesting birds will add their own nest material, but the woodpeckers, waterfowl and owls prefer nest boxes with 2ι inches of dry sawdust or woodchips in the bottom.
Place the box carefully. Put your birdhouse up on a sturdy pole, post, tree, or under a house eave. Freely swinging birdhouses are rarely used. Be sure to place the birdhouse at the proper height and in the right habitat for the bird you want to attract (see distribution and habitat information in the dimension table). Face the entrance away from prevailing winds.