Build a box that will stay dry and warm. Place the roof of a birdhouse at a slight angle and extend it over the sides and front of the box. In this way, the roof will shed rain or snow and protect the entrance hole and sides from dripping water. Drill four, 1ǚ_inch holes in the floor to provide drainage if water seeps in. The sides of a nest box should extend down beyond the floor so water won't leak in.
Boreal Owls prefer mixed spruce_hardwood forests, while Saw_whet Owls prefer to nest near the edge of spruce or deciduous forest groves. Woodpecker nest boxes should be placed 6┰ feet above the ground, though Hairy Woodpeckers prefer nest sites 12 feet or more above the ground. Common Flickers nest in open areas and open park_like areas, while Hairy and Downy Woodpeckers prefer open deciduous forests.