Train outdoor pets to keep away from bird houses: Behavioral conditioning with a water hose is an effective method that can also be used on squirrels and other wildlife with enough patience and perseverance. Pets should be supervised when outdoors during the nesting season as well, since young birds leave the nest several days before they can fly, making them easy targets for curious pets. Be sure the bird house opening is the right size for the species you wish to attract: If the opening is too large, predators will have easy access to the nest and other bird species may take over. A very large opening may also be dangerous for growing chicks, which could tumble out of the hole. A small hole could cause birds to get stuck, or they won't use the house at all.
Winter is a quiet season for birds in Alaska. Most migrate south to wintering areas in the Lower 48, Mexico, South America, and Polynesia. But, some species remain in Alaska through the winter. Even in the northernmost regions of Alaska, some ravens, snowy owls, and gyrfalcons remain, and offshore, murres and a few gulls linger near openings in the pack ice. Over 25 species endure the harsh winters of interior and western Alaska, and over 100 stay through the milder coastal winters of southcoastal and southeastern Alaska.