Boreal Owls prefer mixed spruce_hardwood forests, while Saw_whet Owls prefer to nest near the edge of spruce or deciduous forest groves. Woodpecker nest boxes should be placed 6┰ feet above the ground, though Hairy Woodpeckers prefer nest sites 12 feet or more above the ground. Common Flickers nest in open areas and open park_like areas, while Hairy and Downy Woodpeckers prefer open deciduous forests.
Chickadee nest boxes should be placed on trees in wooded areas. Boreal and Chestnut_backed Chickadees prefer coniferous forests, while Black_capped Chickadees prefer deciduous woods. Chickadees nest 6┫ feet above the ground. Sawdust or woodchips may be placed in the bottom of chickadee nest boxes. Chickadees prefer split_log nest boxes. Nuthatch nest boxes should be placed 6┰ feet above the ground on a tree in mixed coniferous_hardwood forest. Nuthatches perfer split_log nest boxes.