Position the house so its opening does not face into direct sunlight or prevailing winds. Full or partial shade will help keep the house cooler, and a more protected location will be safer. If necessary, a longer overhang above the entrance can also help provide shade and shelter. Angle the house so rain cannot easily run into the opening or through ventilation holes. Some bird house models include an angled face to ease water runoff, and a larger roof overhang can also help keep the interior of the house dry. The house could also be positioned in a more sheltered area, such as underneath the eaves of a roof or against the trunk of a large, full tree that will help protect the bird house.
Water in a bird bath or other container often attracts birds in spring and summer, but the costs of maintaining open water through the winter are not justified. Birds survive on water derived from foods they eat and from eating snow. Seed_eating birds, like crossbills, are sometimes attracted by salt and other minerals that can be supplied by a salt block. Plantings for Wildlife: If your yard has few trees and/or shrubs, birds will probably not be attracted to a feeder. Their need for shelter and protection from predators is often stronger than their attraction to an artificial food source. Also, because birds will not normally visit your yard in search of natural food if there are no trees or shrubs, they would be unlikely to detect food in your feeder. Don't despair, however! Start planning to landscape your yard for birds.