Position the bird house far enough away from brush so predators cannot stage an ambush, but close enough to plants so parent birds can easily scout the area. Five to eight feet of distance is sufficient for most bird houses. Similarly, keep bird houses away from popular feeding areas to prevent territorial conflicts between feeding birds and nesting parents. Choose natural colors so the bird house will blend into the surroundings: Browns and dark shades of green are the most suitable choices and will be the most attractive to birds. If desired, decorate the house with natural materials to keep it concealed but still an ornamental focal point in the yard.
Bluebird nest boxes should be placed in open areas like field edges on poles or fence posts 5┦ feet above the ground. This bird is found in only a limited area of east central Alaska and cannot be attracted in other areas. Swallow nest boxes should be placed in open areas including cities, field edges, open forests, lawns or gardens. Place the boxes 10┰ feet above the ground on posts, trees or beneath house eaves.